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Main view of Angkor Wat temple complex, Cambodia
The Angkor Wat temple complex in the ancient capital of Angkor in Cambodia is the largest religious monument in the world.
Image: kk nationsonline.org
 
Cambodia Flag
Flag of Cambodia
Location map of Cambodia. Where in Asia is Cambodia?
Location map of Cambodia
 

Destination Cambodia, a virtual guide to Kampuchea (the local name for the country). The country is located in the southeastern part of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia, it is bordered by Vietnam to the east and south, Laos in northeast, Thailand in west/northwest, and by the Gulf of Thailand in west.

With an area of 181,000 km² Cambodia is about half the size of Germany or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Oklahoma.

Cambodia has a population of about 14.6 million people (in 2013). Capital city is Phnom Penh. Spoken languages are predominantly (90%) Khmer, a Mon–Khmer language, and Vietnamese (5%).


Cambodia | Kampuchea


Country Profile



Background:
Following a five-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1 million displaced people died from execution or enforced hardships.

A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off 13 years of fighting.
UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy, as did the rapid diminishment of the Khmer Rouge in the mid-1990s.

A coalition government, formed after national elections in 1998, brought renewed political stability and the surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge forces.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

Related countries: France
 
 

Official Name:
Preah Réachéanachâkr Kâmpuchea
short form: Kampuchea
int'l long form: Kingdom of Cambodia
int'l short form: Cambodia
Former: Khmer Republic, Kampuchea Republic

ISO Country Code: kh, khm
Actual Time: Fri-Nov-24  23:48
Local Time = UTC +7
Cambodia does not operate Daylight-Saving Time (TBC)

Country Calling Code: +855

Capital: Phnom Penh (pop 1.2 million. est.)

Other Cities:
Ta Khmau, Battambang, Serei Saophoan, Siem Reap, Kampong Cham, Poipet, Kampot.

Government:
Type: Constitutional Monarchy
The Royal Cambodian Government (RCG), a constitutional monarchy formed on the basis of elections internationally recognized as free and fair, was established on 24 September 1993.
Head of State: His Majesty Samdech Preah Baromneath Norodom Sihamoni.

Geography:
Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos.
Area: 181,035 km² (69,900 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central plain drained by the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and Mekong and Bassac Rivers. Heavy forests away from the rivers and the lake, mountains in the southwest (Cardamom Mountains) and north (Dangrek Mountains) along the border with Cambodia.

Climate:
Tropical monsoon with rainy season June-Oct. and dry season Nov.-May.

People:
Nationality: Cambodian(s), Khmer
Population: 14.6 million (2013)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 2 116 (year)
Ethnic groups: Cambodian 90%; Chinese and Vietnamese 5% each; Burmese, small numbers of hill tribes like Chams and Khmer Loeu.
Religions: Thearavada Buddhism 95% (official); Islam, Christianity, animism, atheism.
Languages: Khmer (official) spoken by more than 95% of the population; some French still spoken; English increasingly popular as a second language.
Literacy: 35%.

Natural resources: abundant natural bio-diversity, oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential.

Agriculture products: Rice, rubber, corn, coffee, vegetables, cashews, tapioca.

Industries: Tourism, textiles and garments, Beverage, Food Processing, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining.

Exports - commodities: clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear

Exports partners: USA 23.1%, UK 8.8%, Germany 8.2%, Japan 7.4%, Canada 6.7%, China 5.1%, Vietnam 5%, Thailand 4.9%, Netherlands 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: petroleum products, fabrics, vehicles, wholesale yarn, cigarettes, electrical communications equipment and medicine.

Imports partners: Thailand 28.7%, China 22.2%, Vietnam 16.4%, Hong Kong 6.1%, Singapore 5.7% (2015)

Currency: Riel (KHR)

Cambodia in Figures
Cambodia key statistical data.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Cambodia

royal  His Majesty Norodom Sihamoni
Official site of their Majesties Norodom Sihanouk and Norodom Monineath Sihanouk.

Samdech Hunsen Prime Minister of Cambodia
Official site of the Lord Prime Minister and Supreme Military Commander.

National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia
Official site of the Cambodian parliament. (Khmer only)

Senate of Cambodia
The Cambodian Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Cambodia.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Official website of the ministry.

Cambodia Ministry of Information
Official website of the ministry.


Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations
Cambodian Embassy to Switzerland and Cambodia's representation to the UN at Geneva.
Royal Cambodian Embassy in the U.S.
Cambodian Embassy, Washington.
Cambodian Embassies Abroad
List of Embassies of Cambodia abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Cambodia
List of Foreign Embassies in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Statistics
National Institute of Statistics
Cambodia in figures.


Maps

profile Map of Cambodia
Political Map of Cambodia.
profile Administrative Map of Cambodia
Map of Cambodia showing the country's administrative divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Cambodia
Searchable map and satellite view of Cambodia.
Google Earth Google Earth Phnom Penh
Searchable map and satellite view of Cambodia's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Angkor
Searchable map and satellite view of the ruins of Angkor.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.


Royal  Palace complex in Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh Royal Palace, home to Cambodian kings, the palace complex was built in 1866.
Image: nationsonline.org
 

News


Agence Kampuchea Presse
Local News in Khmer, English and French.
Cambodia New Vision
Official news published by the Cabinet of Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen.
Khmer Kampong Speu
Cambodian portal with local news.
Phnom Penh Post
Cambodia's daily English-language newspaper.

TV
CTN
Cambodian TV with local and international news (in Khmer).
KhmerTV
Online TV from Cambodia.
MekongTV
Cambodian Television and radio channels.

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Cambodia
With links to Cambodia related news and background information.
Reuters AlertNet - Cambodia recovery
Reuters news.

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Cambodia
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Cambodia
Background Briefings.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Cambodia
Annual report 2017 about Press freedom in the country.

 

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Dancers at Angor Wat on screen of Cambodian BTV News Channel.

Arts & Culture


National Museum of Cambodia
The National Museum in Phnom Penh is the country's leading historical and archaeological museum.

Cambodian Information Center
About Cambodia and its people.

Khmer Art History
About Khmer artwork by the National Museum of Cambodia.

Cambodia Culture and Information
Site about Cambodia, Cambodian culture and Khmer Lifestyle.

i1song.com
Download Cambodian Music.


Sculpture of Angkor and Ancient Cambodia
Sculptures of Angkor and Ancient Cambodia, a virtual exhibition by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

Weaves of Cambodia
A community of determined land mine survivors is creating a sustainable income through traditional weaving.
 


Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Khmer relief at Angkor Wat
Image: nationsonline.org

 

Business & Economy

Tourism, garment, construction, real estate, and agriculture sectors are the bacbone of Cambodia's economy. About 10% of the labor force, the majority are women, are employed in the garment and footwear sector. Tourism has continued to grow rapidly, about half a million people are employed in the tourism sector. But the country remains one of the poorest nations in Asia. The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the impoverished countryside.

Phnom Penh Chamber of Commerce (PPCC)

__Transportation

Airlines
Apsara International Air (no website)
Apsara Air currently operates flights between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap (Angkor).
Bassaka Air
Bassaka Air operates also flights between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.
Cambodia Angkor Air
The national flag carrier of Cambodia.
Cambodia Bayon Airlines
Cambodia Bayon Airlines is based in Phnom Penh, a subsidiary of the Chinese carrier Joy Air.
Sky Angkor Airlines
Sky Angkor's main hub is at Siem Reap International Airport, it operates flights to destinations in China and South Korea.

Airports
Cambodia Airports
Gateway to Cambodia's international airports in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Sihanouk (Kaong Kang).
 
 
Prasat Bayon temple complex Angkor
The face towers of the Bayon temple complex in Angkor represent the king as the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, the bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.
Image: nationsonline.org

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Cambodia - Country Guides


Destination Cambodia: Angkor Wat, Banteay Srei, Battambang, Bayon, Mekong River, Siem Reap, Phnom Penh, Royal Palace


Cambodia Tourism
Ministry of Tourism website with information on tourist attractions,
Cambodian events & festivals.

Tourism of Cambodia
The official Site for Tourism of Cambodia provides information and tools for tourist to Cambodia.

Cambodia Information Center
This page is dedicated to Cambodia.

Life in Cambodia
Somewhat outdated guide by Rich Garella.

Angkor Wat
Authority for the Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap
Official website of the authority for Khmer temple complex of Angkor.

Angkor Wat Photos
Images of Angkor Wat archaeological complex by Valeska Gehrmann.

City Guides
Phnom Penh
The City of Phnom Penh.

Village Leap
Visit the silk weavers of Robib, six smaller villages nine hours north of Phnom Penh.
 
Tour Operators
Amazing AngkorWat Service
Private local tour operator.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cambodia
World Heritage Site Angkor
Angkor in Cambodia’s northern province of Siem Reap is one of the most important archaeological sites in South-East Asia and Cambodia's most important tourist attraction.

World Heritage Site Temple of Preah Vihear
Preah Vihear Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The temple is situated in the Dângrêk Mountains at the Thai-Cambodian border, it was built during the time of the Khmer Empire which last for more than six-centuries. The Temple of Preah Vihear is one of the many Khmer temples built in the region and a part of one of the most extensive pre-industrial urban settlements in the world.
 
Angkor Wat images
Angkor Wat Photos
by Valeska Gehrmann

Education


Cambodia Rural School Project
American Assistance for Cambodia (AAfC)/ Japan Relief for Cambodia (JRfC) are independent nonprofit organizations dedicated to providing opportunities for the youth and rural poor in Cambodia.

Universities
Royal Academy of Cambodia (RAC)
RAC was established in 1965, it is the national academy and university of Cambodia.

Royal University of Agriculture
RUA was founded in 1964, it offers a Master program in agriculture and related fields.

Royal University of Fine Arts
University of Architecture and Urbanism, Archaeology, Choreographic Arts, Music and Visual Arts. (in Cambodian)

Royal University of Law and Economics (RULE)
RULE was established in 1948 as the National Institute of Law, Politics and Economics. It currently is offering undergraduate degree programs in the fields of law, economics, accounting and banking.

National University of Management (NUM)
NUM offers degrees in Business Administration, Tourism and Hospitality Economics.

Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP)
Established in 1960, it is Cambodia’s oldest and largest university located in Phnom Penh. RUPP offers degrees in sciences, humanities and social sciences, as well as in information technology, electronics, psychology and tourism.

University of Cambodia
A private higher education institution.
 
 

Environment & Nature


The Mekong River Commission
An Agreement on the Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin between the governments of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam.
MekongInfo
An interactive system for sharing information and knowledge about participatory natural resource management (NRM) in the Lower Mekong Basin.
 
 

History


Beauty and Darkness: Cambodia in Modern History
The Odyssey of the Khmer People.
Cambodian Genocide Program
Documentation by the Yale University.
Cambodian Histories
Short History of Cambodia by the Tourism Office of Cambodia.
Documentation Center of Cambodia
Documentation of the Khmer Rouge Genocide - Searching for the Truth.
Khmer History
History of the Khmer Empire.

The National Library of Cambodia
Article about the National Library of Cambodia in Phnom Penh, close to the National Archives of Cambodia (NAC).
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Cambodia


Amnesty International: Cambodia

BBC Country Profile: Cambodia

GlobalEDGE: Cambodia

The Heritage Foundation: Cambodia

Human Rights Watch: Cambodia

OEC: Cambodia

Reporters Without Borders: Cambodia

Wikipedia: Cambodia

The World Factbook -- Cambodia
 
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