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Sierra Maestra mountain range, highest area of Cuba, Santiago de Cuba Province, Granma Province
Sierra Maestra, the highest area of Cuba is a mountain range located in Santiago de Cuba Province, a small part of Granma Province.
Image: СССР
 

Solitary-star Flag of Cuba
Solitary-star Flag of Cuba
Location map of Cuba. Where in the Caribbean is Cuba?
Location map of Cuba
Destination Cuba, a virtual guide to the largest Caribbean island. The country is situated in the western West Indies, between the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, south of Florida and The Bahamas, north of Jamaica and the Cayman Islands.
Cuba shares maritime borders with The Bahamas, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, and the United States.

Cuba is one of the islands of the Greater Antilles archipelago, the others are Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic and Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and the Cayman Islands.

The island group of Cuba has a combined area of 109,884 km² (42,426 sq mi), compared it is about the size of Bulgaria, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

The island nation has a population of 11.4 million (official estimate 2014); capital and largest city is Havana (Habana); official language is Spanish.

Cuba is famous for its cigars, its rum made from sugar cane, its ladies, Salsa and other Cuban dance styles, Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, 1950s-era cars, Spanish-colonial architecture, Cuban National Ballet, Buena Vista Social Club and Guantanamo Bay.


Republic of Cuba | Republica de Cuba


Country Profile



Background:
Located in the Caribbean Sea, the Cuban archipelago comprises of the Cuba Island, the Youth Island and around 4200 islets and keys.

The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries.
An US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 overthrew finally Spanish rule.

Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule has held the country together since. Cuba's communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 70s, and 80s.

related countries: USA, Russia
 
 



Official Name:
Republica de Cuba
short form: Cuba
int'l long form: Republic of Cuba

ISO Country Code: cu, CUB

Time:
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Thu-Sept-21  13:50

Country Calling Code: +53

Capital City: Habana (Havana, pop. 2 million)

Other major Cities:
Santiago de Cuba, Camaguey, Santa Clara, Holguin, Guantanamo, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Pinar del Rio.

Government:
Type: Communist state; current government assumed power by force January 1, 1959.
Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902).

Geography:
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Florida
Area: 109,886 km². (42,427 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat or gently rolling plains, hills; mountains up to 2,000 meters (6,000 ft.) in the southeast.

Climate: Tropical, moderated by trade winds; dry season (November-April); rainy season (May-October).

People:
Nationality: Cuban(s)
Population: 11.4 million (2014); 70% urban, 30% rural.
Ethnic groups: 51% mulatto, 37% white, 11% black, 1% Chinese (according to Cuban census data).
Language: Spanish.
Literacy: 95%.

Natural resources: Nickel, cobalt, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber.

Agriculture products: Sugar, tobacco, citrus and tropical fruits, coffee, rice, beans, meat, vegetables.

Industries: Sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals.

Exports partners: Canada 17.7%, Venezuela 13.8%, China 13%, Netherlands 6.4%, Spain 5.4%, Belize 4.7% (2015)

Imports partners:
Venezuela 31.8%, China 17.6%, Spain 10%, Brazil 4.8% (2015)

Currency: Cuban Peso (CUP)

Cuba in Figures
Cuba key statistical data.



Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Cuba

Gobierno de la República de Cuba
The Government site of the Republic of Cuba.

Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular
Cuban National Assembly.

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of Foreign Relations.

Cuba vs Bloqueo
Cuba against the Blockade site, Cuban point of view of the US blockade against Cuba.


Diplomatic Missions
Mision de Cuba ante Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Cuba to the United Nations.
Embajada de Cuba
Embassy of Cuba, Canada
Embajadas de Cuba en el Mundo
Cuban embassies around the world.



Statistics
Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
National Statistic Office website (in Spanish)

Cuba in Figures
Cuba key statistical data.


Weather
Instituto de Meteorología - INSMET
Cuba weather information by Cuban Institute of Meteorology (in Spanish).


Maps

Map of Cuba
Administrative map of Cuba.
Google Earth Google Earth Cuba
Searchable map and satellite view of Cuba.
Google Earth Google Earth Havana
Searchable map and satellite view of Cuba's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 
 

Cuba News


News Agencies
Agencia Informativa Latinoamericana S.A.
Cuban based press agency.
Agencia Cubana de Noticias - ACN
Cuban News Agency.

Newspapers
CubaSi.cu
General country information and current news.
Granma Diario
Granma International Edition with news from Cuba.
Radio Habana Cuba
National news (not very up-to-date).

CubaNet News
US-Florida based site with "Cuba news from independent journalist on the Island" (in Spanish, French and English).

TV/Radio
Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba

 

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Cuban American cars still on the road
Cuban American cars. In 1960 United States embargo against Cuba ended both importation of cars and their parts. Since then, many rides had been modified inevitably, with spare parts often scavenged from Soviet cars.
Image: michele spinnato

Arts & Culture


Cubarte
Cultura Cubana - a portal to cultural information on Cuba.
Conexión Cubana
Comprehensive information about Cuban Culture (in Spanish).
TodoDeArte
Huge art project with a variety of artists from Cuba.
La Papeleta
Collaborative bulletin board and calendar of events for art, music, cinema, and other cultural activities.

Azurina
The city of Cienfuegos' Culture Portal.

Arts and Literature
Fábrica de Arte Cubano
Artistic project to promote the work of artists from Cuba.
Arte cubano. Galerias cubanas
A portal site of five cuban art galleries presenting Cuban artists.
CubaLiteraria
A portal to Cuban literature (in Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
Cuba's National Museum of Fine Arts.


Ballet
Ballet Nacional de Cuba
The celebrated National Ballet of Cuba, founded in 1948.
Rosario Cárdenas
Site about the director and choreographer of the dance company Danza Combinatoria.

Cinema
Cubacine. El Portal del Cine Cubano
Site about Cuban cinematics.

National Library
Biblioteca Nacional José Martí
National Library of Cuba "José Martí" (in Spanish).

Ministerio de Cultura
official website of the Ministerio de Cultura de la República de Cuba (in Spanish).
 
Havana City Cuba
Havana City © Cubanacan

National Ballet of Cuba
National Ballet of Cuba
© Cubanacan
 
National Museum of Fine Arts, Havana, Cuba
National Museum of Fine Arts
© CubaInfo

Business & Economy


Cámara de Comercio de la Republica de Cuba
Official website of Cuba's Chamber of Commerce (in Spanish).


Transportation
Airline
Cubana
Cubana de Aviación, Cubana Airlines serves national and international destinations in the Caribbean and the Americas.


 


cuba-pictures.com
Horse-drawn carriage in old Havana
© Cuba-pictures.com, David Stanley
National Theater and Parque Central Hotel, Havana
National Theatre and Parque Central Hotel in Havana.
Image: Tony Hisgett

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Cuba - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Cuba: Pinar del Río, Havana, Varadero, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Trinidad de Cuba, Jardínes del Rey, Santa Lucía de Cuba, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Oficina Nacional de Información Turística
Travel and Tourism Cuba, the official Tourist guide to Cuba.

Cubaweb
Another official Tourist guide to Cuba.

CubaInfo
Cuba information by the Tourist Office of Cuba in Frankfurt.
Cubanacan
Site of the biggest tourism organisation of Cuba with extensive information on travel and tourism in Cuba.
Cuba-Pictures.com
This gallery introduces the 14 provinces of Cuba by a collection of 126 travel photos taken by David Stanley.
CubaSi.cu
General country and travel information.

Hotel
Hotel National
Havana's most famous 5 star hotel with sixty years of history.


UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cuba
World Heritage Site Old Havana and its Fortification System
Founded about 1519 by the Spanish, the city became the largest port in the region and a meeting point for the Spanish treasure fleets. In the 17th century Havana has grown to one of the Caribbean's major centers for ship-building.

World Heritage Site Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios
Founded in the early 16th century, the city was a bridgehead for the conquest of the American continent and became a center for the sugar industry in the late 18th century.

World Heritage Site San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba has the best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture consisting of a complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries.

World Heritage Site Viñales Valley
The valley is located in the Sierra de los Órganos mountains in the western part of the island. The valley is famous for its dramatic rocky outcrops and the production of tobacco using traditional techniques.

Viñales Valley, Sierra de los Órganos, Cuba
Viñales Valley in the Sierra de los Órganos mountains in the Pinar del Río Province of Cuba.
Image: Kirua
 
 

Education


Universidades y centros de investigación
List of universities and research centers in Cuba by the Ministerio de Educación Superior.

Biblioteca Nacional "José Martí"
The National Library of Cuba. (Spanish)

Academia de Ciencias de Cuba
The Academy of Science of Cuba.

Universidad de La Habana
The University of Havana, founded in 1728, greatest and oldest university in the Caribbean.
 

 

Environment & Nature


Cuba: Wild Island of the Caribbean
PBS features about Cuba's nature.

The Nature of Cuba
Smithsonian Magazin article about Cuba's nature.

 
El Yunque, Cuba
View of El Yunque from Baracoa.
Image: Rastapopulous

History


History of Cuba
Cuba's history at a glance.

 
 

Search

Cubaweb
Cuba Directory.

LANIC: Cuba
Directory of Cuba online information.

Additional Information on Cuba


Amnesty International: Cuba

BBC Country Profile: Cuba

FAO: Cuba

GlobalEDGE: Cuba

The Heritage Foundation: Cuba


Human Rights Watch: Cuba

OEC: Cuba

Reporters Without Borders: Cuba

Wikipedia: Cuba

The World Factbook -- Cuba
 
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Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
| Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines |
Trinidad and Tobago
| U.S. Virgin Islands

Major Cities in the Caribbean:
Basse-Terre, Basseterre, Bridgetown, Castries, Charlotte Amalie, Fort-de-France, Hamilton, Havana, Kingston, Kingstown, Nassau, Oranjestad, Port-au-Prince, Port-of-Spain, Roseau, Saint George's, Saint John's, Saint Martin, San Juan, Santo Domingo, The Valley, Willemstad
 
 
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