India Country Profile
States and Union Territories of India
a vast country in South-Central Asia that occupies the greater part of the Indian Subcontinent, bordering the Himalayas in north, the Arabian Sea in west, the Bay of Bengal in east and the Laccadive Sea in south. It is bordered by Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China (Xizang - Tibet Autonomous Region), Nepal, and Pakistan. It shares maritime borders with Indonesia, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
Flag of India
India is the second most populous country in the world (after China), with an estimated population of 1,339 million people (in 2017). The country is subdivided into 29 states and seven Union Territories.
With an area of 3,287,263 km², India is the 7th largest country in the world, but its area compared, it is only about one-third the size of the USA.
Capital and largest urban area of India is (New) Delhi, second largest city is Mumbai. Official languages are Hindi-Urdu and English (the Indian Constitution lists 22 recognized languages).
Republic of India | Bharat Ganarajya
local short form: Bharat
Int'l conventional long form: Republic of India
Int'l conventional short form: India
ISO Country Code: in
Actual Time: Thu-Feb-22 18:04
Local Time = UTC +5:30h
Country Calling Code: +91
Capital City: Delhi (Dilli)
The Municipality of Delhi (pop. 21 million).
Mumbai, Mumbai Metropolitan Region (formerly Bombay, pop. 18 million)
Chennai, formerly Madras (pop. 9 million), Kolkata (Metro Kolkata 14 million); Bengaluru, formerly Bangalore (8.5 million); Hyderabad (5 million); Ahmedabad (3.7 million)
Independence: 15 August 1947 (from United Kingdom).
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.
Area: 3.3 million km² (1.3 million sq. mi.)
Terrain: varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys.
Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indian(s).
Population (2017): 1,339 million; urban population 27%, rural population 73%.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid 2%.
Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5%.
Languages: Hindi, English, and 20 other official languages. Literacy: 65%.
Natural resources: Coal, iron, manganese, mica, bauxite, chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore, diamonds, crude oil.
Agriculture products: Rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish.
Industries: Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software.
Exports - commodities: petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel
Exports - partners: USA 15.2%, UAE 11.4%, Hong Kong 4.6% (2015)
Imports - commodities: crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel
Imports - partners: China 15.5%, UAE 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Switzerland 5.3%, USA 5.2% (2015)
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
India in numbers
More India Statistical Data.
The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years.
Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to independence in 1947.
The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.
Fundamental concerns in India include the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic strife, all this despite impressive gains in economic investment and output.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: Portugal, United Kingdom
Image: Laurie Jones
Official Sites of IndiaNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
National Portal of India
Web presence of the Government of India.
Prime Minister's Office
Official Site of India's Prime Minister's Office.
The Indian Parliament is composed of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People).
Directory of official web sites of the Government of India.
Bombay High Court
The Bombay High Court is one of the premiere High Courts in India. It has Appellate Jurisdiction over the State of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu.
Ministry of External Affairs
Includes information on governmental events.
Permanent Mission of India to the UN
India's representaion to the United Nations.
Embassy of India in the U.S.
India's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of India's Embassies, General Consulates and High Commissions abroad.
Census of India
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
National Statistical Office of India.
India in numbers
India Key Statistical Data.
Map of India
Administrative Map of India with States and Union Territories and their capitals.
States of India Map
Map shows all 29 states of India with capitals and major cities.
Map of the Kashmir Region
Political Map of the Kashmir Region.
Google Earth India
Searchable map/satellite view of India.
Google Earth Delhi
Searchable map/satellite view of India's capital city.
Google Earth Kolkata
Searchable map/satellite view of Kolkata, the former Calcutta.
Google Earth Mumbai
Searchable map/satellite view of Mumbai, the former Bombay.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
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More about India:
India Part 2: India OnlinePage with links to News, Culture, Business, Travel and Tourism, Country Guides, Education, History, Search Engines and Background Information.
India Part 3: States and Union Territories of IndiaInformation about India's administrative divisions.
Other Countries in South Central Asia:
Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bhutan | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Maldives
| Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan
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