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Destination India - a country profile of India,
on this page you will find background information and key data on India, a country profile, as well as maps of India. Find addresses of Indian embassies and official government sites.

Taj Mahal of India
Taj Mahal © Ministry of Tourism and Culture

Republic of India | Bharat Ganarajya

Country Profile

Flag of India; click to enlarge
Flag of India

Bharat - India in Indian letters

where in the world is India?

Official Name:
Bharat Ganarajya
local short form: Bharat
Int'l conventional long form: Republic of India
Int'l conventional short form: India

ISO Country Code: in
Actual Time: Fri-Nov-24  22:18
Local Time = UTC +5:30h

Country Calling Code: +91

Capital City: New Delhi
The Municipality of New Delhi (pop. 11 million).

Other Cities:
Mumbai Bombay
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (formerly Bombay, pop. 15 million)
Chennai, formerly Madras (pop. 6 million), Calcutta (12 million); ; Bangalore (5 million); Hyderabad (5 million); Ahmedabad (3.7 million)

Federal Republic
Independence: 15 August 1947 (from United Kingdom).

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.
Area: 3.3 million km² (1.3 million sq. mi.)
Terrain: varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys.

Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indian(s).
Population (2011 census): 1,210 million; urban population 27%, rural population 73%.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid 2%, others.
Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5%.
Languages: Hindi, English, and 16 other official languages. Literacy: 65%.

Natural resources: Coal, iron, manganese, mica, bauxite, chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore, diamonds, crude oil.

Agriculture products: Rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish.

Industries: Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software.

Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

India in numbers
More India Statistical Data.

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years.
Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to independence in 1947.
The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.
Fundamental concerns in India include the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic strife, all this despite impressive gains in economic investment and output.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar), China (Xizang - Tibet Autonomous Region), Nepal, Pakistan

related countries: Portugal, United Kingdom

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of India

Prime Minister's Office
Official Site of India's Prime Minister's Office.

Indian Parliament
The Indian Parliament is composed of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People).

India Image
A Gateway to Government of India Info over the web.

Directory of official web sites of Government of India.

Bombay High Court
The Bombay High Court is one of the premiere High Courts in India. It has Appellate Jurisdiction over the State of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu.

Ministry of External Affairs
Includes information on governmental events.

Permanent Mission of India to the UN
India's representaion to the United Nations.
Embassy of India in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
India's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of India's Embassies, General Consulates and High Commissions abroad.

Census of India
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
National Statistical Office of India.
India in numbers
India Key Statistical Data.


Map of India
Administrative Map of India with States and Union Territories and their capitals.
Google Earth Google Earth India
Searchable map/satellite view of India.
Google Earth Google Earth Delhi
Searchable map/satellite view of India's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Kolkata
Searchable map/satellite view of Kolkata, the former Calcutta.
Google Earth Google Earth Mumbai
Searchable map/satellite view of Mumbai, the former Bombay.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
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More about India:

India Part 2: India Online

with links to News, Culture, Business, Travel and Tourism, Country Guides, Education, History, Search Engines and Background Information.

India Part 3: States and Union Territories of India

Information about India's administrative divisions.

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