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Oregon, one of the 50 US states is situated in the north western United States. It is one of just three US states in the contiguous United States with a coastline at the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon's border with Washington state on the north is largely defined by the Colombia River; the Snake River forms a section of its state line with Idaho on the east, the 42nd parallel north defines the borders with California and Nevada in the south.
In 1842–43, the Oregon Trail brought many new American settlers to the Oregon Country. British claims to Oregon were formally ceded to the US in 1846 and it became the 33rd state on the 14th February 1859.
area of 254,800 km² (98,379 sq mi) , compared Oregon is slightly larger than the United Kingdom. Compared with other US states, New Jersey would fit into Oregon 11 times.
Oregon has some amazing geographical features, there are the Blue Mountains of the Pacific Northwest situated in northeastern Oregon. The eastern third of Oregon is dominated by the Cascade Range. The Cascade Range runs from British Columbia in north, through Washington State and Oregon, to Northern California in south, it is in large parts a densely wooded mountain range with half a dozen of Quaternary volcanoes. The Cascades are part of the American Cordillera within the Pacific Ocean's Ring of Fire.
Parallel to the Cascades in west is the Oregon Coast Range running along the Pacific Ocean, the mountain range separates the Willamette Valley from Oregon's coast.
The mountain chain is part of the larger series of mountain ranges known as the Pacific Mountain System that extends over much of the western edge of North America.
The Harney Basin, the endorheic basin (without a water outlet) in the south east of Oregon, is part of the much larger Great Basin (Great Basin Desert), which covers most of Nevada, parts of Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, California, and the Mexican state of Baja California. The Harney Basin is bordered in west and south by the Great Sandy Desert, the Steens Mountain in south east. The ridge of the mountain separates the basin from the Alvord Desert to the southeast.
Highest peak in the state is Mount Hood (3,428.8 m or 11,249 ft), a potentially active stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc. In the south eastern corner of the state is Steens Mountain, an 80 km (50 mi) long Fault-block mountain rising from the Alvord Desert with a hight of 2,968 m at its peak.
The Alvord Desert, east of the Pueblo Mountains and the Steens Mountain is at an elevation of approximately 1,200 m (4,000 ft), the desert is among the largest dry lakes (playa) in Oregon.
Playa lakes are formed when rainwater fills shallow, round depressions in the landscape, the precipitated water is leaving behind salt minerals. During the dry season the surface is flat enough to drive across or land small aircraft on.
Oregon has a population of 3.9 million people (2018 est.) ; capital is Salem, largest city is Portland, largest metropolitan area is Portland metro (pop. 2.4 million).
Other major cities are Eugene, Gresham, and Hillsboro.
Largest airport in the state is Portland International Airport (IATA code: PDX), other major airports are Eugene Airport (Mahlon Sweet Field; IATA code: EUG), Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport (IATA code: MFR), and Redmond Municipal Airport (Roberts Field; IATA code: RDM).
Cities and Towns in Oregon
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Oregon:
Largest cities in Oregon with a population of more than 60,000:
Portland (609,000), Salem (161,000), Eugene (159,000), Gresham (109,000), Hillsboro (97,000), Beaverton (93,000), Bend (81,000), Medford (78,000), Springfield (60,000)
Population figures in 2014
Other cities and towns in Oregon:
Albany, Ashland, Astoria, Baker City, Bly, Brookings, Burns, Canyon City, Condon, Coos Bay, Corvallis, Enterprise, Florence, Grants Pass, Hermiston, John Day, Jordan Valley, Keizer, Klamath Falls, La Grande, Lakeview, Madras, McMinnville, Newport, North Bend, Ontario, Pendleton, Port Orford, Prineville, Redmond, Reedsport, Roseburg, Seaside, St Helens, The Dalles, Tillamook, and Vale.
Image: Jonni Armani
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Oregon with boundaries, the location of the state capital Salem, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Oregon
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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