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Brazil, it borders Argentina in west.
Flag of Uruguay
With an area of 176,000 km², the country is the second-smallest nation (after Suriname) in South America, but still almost twice the size of Portugal or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Washington.
Uruguay has a population of 3.25 million inhabitants (2011 census) of whom 1.3 million live in the capital and largest Montevideo, the majority of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country. Official language is Spanish.
The mostly flat topography of Uruguay is the transition of the landscape between the Argentine plains in west to the hilly lands of southern Brazil. Extensive plains are found along the country’s eastern, southern, and western borders, with fertile coastal lowlands, the interior consists of rolling plains and hills.
The country's highest point is Cerro Catedral with just 514 m.
Eastern Republic of Uruguay | República Oriental del Uruguay
A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to agree to military control of his administration in 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
República Oriental del Uruguay
short form: Uruguay
int'l long form: Eastern Republic of Uruguay
former: Banda Oriental, Cisplatine Province
ISO Country Code: uy, ugy
Local Time = UTC -3h
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-23 06:26
Country Calling Code: +598
Capital City: Montevideo (pop.: 1.3 million)
Other Cities: Maldonado
Type: Constitutional Republic.
Independence: 25 August 1825 (from Brazil)
Constitution: First 1830, current 1967, most recently amended December 1996.
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil.
Area: 176,000 km² (68,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Plains and low hills; 84% agricultural.
Population: 3.25 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups (est.): European descent 93%, African descent 5%, mestizo 1%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent).
Religions: Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant and other Christian 16%, Jewish 2%, non-professing or other 30%.
Natural resources: Arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries.
Agriculture products: Rice, wheat, corn, barley; livestock; fish.
Industries: Food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages.
Exports - commodities: beef, soybeans, cellulose, rice, wheat, wood, dairy products; wool
Exports - partners: China 15%, Brazil 14.4%, US 6.5%, Argentina 4.9% (2015)
Imports - commodities: refined oil, crude oil, passenger and other transportation vehicles, vehicle parts, cellular phones.
Imports - partners: Brazil 18.2%, China 17.4%, Argentina 12.6%, US 9.1%, Germany 4.5%, Nigeria 4.1% (2015)
Currency: Uruguayan Peso (UYU)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of UruguayRepública Oriental del Uruguay
The Government of Uruguay.
Presidencia de la República Oriental del Uruguay
Official site of the presidency of Uruguay.
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
The Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).
Misión Permanente de Uruguay ante las Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Uruguay to the United Nations.
Embassy of Uruguay
Uruguay's Embassy in Washington D.C.
Uruguay's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Uruguay.
Instituto Nacional de Estadistica
The National Institute for Statistics.
Map of Uruguay
Political Map of Uruguay.
Google Earth Uruguay
Searchable map and satellite view of Uruguay.
Google Earth Montevideo
Searchable map and satellite view of Uruguay's capital city.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Image: Zonamerica Business Park
Business news (in Spanish)
Uruguay's daily (in Spanish)
Local news (in Spanish)
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Artists, mueseums and foundations of Uruguay (Spanish).
Museo del Gaucho
Gaucho history (Spanish)
Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales
Museum of Visual Arts, Montevideo
Museo Virtual de Artes El Pais
Contemporary Uruguayan Art
Business & Economy
Banco Central del Uruguay
Central Bank of Uruguay
Bolsa de Valores de Montevideo
Stock exchange in Montevideo.
Bolsa Electrónica de Valores del Uruguay S.A.
BVSA is the principal stock exchange of Uruguay.
Cámara de industrias del Uruguay
Uruguay Chamber of Industry
Uruguay based airline
Image: © Eduardo Fonseca Arraes
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Uruguay - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Uruguay: Montevideo, Isla de Lobos (islet), Juan Manuel Blanes Museum, National Museum of Visual Arts, Naval Museum, Palacio Taranco, Plaza Independencia (major square), Pocitos (beach);
Salto del Penitente (waterfall)
Punta Ballena (beach resort);
Punta Colorada (beach resort);
Fortaleza de Santa Teresa (ancient fortification);
Punta del Este, La Mano de Punta del Este (sculpture);
Salto, Museo del Hombre y la Tecnología.
Find accommodation, hotels, thermal tourism, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, cruising, sailing, diving and much more.
The Country of Encounter - Information by the Ministry of Tourism of Uruguay.
Punta del Este
Hotel and travel guide to Punta del Este, one of South America's most glamorous and exclusive destinations.
The City of Montevideo.
Uruguayan Montevideo community portal with news and information (in Spanish).
© Ministerio de Turismo
Universidad Católica del Uruguay
The Catholic University of Uruguay is a private university in Montevideo.
Uruguay's largest private university.
Universidad de la República Uruguay
The University of the Republic of Uruguay is a public university and the most important, oldest, and largest university in the country, founded in 1836.
Environment & Nature
Dirección Nacional de Medio Ambiente
Uruguay's National directorate for the environment.
Instituto del Tercer Mundo (ITeM)
The Third World Insitute, performs information, communication and education activities on an international level, concerning development and environment-related activities.
Environmental project which aims to encourage the citizens participation in the resolution of environmental problems. (in Spanish)
REDES - Amigos de la Tierra Uruguay
Friends of Earth, Uruguay (in Spanish)
World Rainforest Movement
Movement to defend the world's rainforests.
Brief history of Uruguay by the Embassy of Uruguay.
History of Uruguay
Wikipedia page about Uruguay's history.
WWW-VL History: Uruguay
Index of online resources in English and Spanish pertaining the history of this country.
Directory of Uruguayan web sites.
An Uruguay search engine and directory.
Buscador de Sitios Web Uruguayos. Search engine and directory (in Spanish).
Open Directory Project: Uruguay
Sources and additional Information on UruguayBBC Country Profile: Uruguay
The Heritage Foundation: Uruguay
The World Factbook -- Uruguay
Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Venezuela
Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
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