Flag of Iceland
The island lies just south of the Arctic Circle at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR), where the tectonic plate of Eurasia meets the North American Plate, causing a lot of volcanic activity in the region. Iceland's extraordinary landscape offers hot springs and geysers, icefields and volcanoes, glaciers and wild waterfalls.
Iceland has 30 active volcanic systems, of which 13 have erupted since the settlement of island in AD 874, only about 20 percent of the country is habitable.
With an area of 103,000 km² Iceland is more than twice the size of Denmark, or about the same size as the US state of Kentucky.
The country has a population of 337,610 (3rd quarter 2016), it is the least densely populated country in Europe (beside Greenland, which is not in Europe). Capital and largest city is Reykjavik. Spoken language is Icelandic, one of the North Germanic languages.
Republic of Iceland | Lydhveldidh Island
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930.
Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark.
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the United States.
Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944.
Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
Iceland is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system, run by a directly elected president and a legislative assembly. Head of state is the President. Head of government is the prime minister. General elections (and presidential elections) are held every four years.
Iceland is arguably the world's oldest parliamentary democracy, with the Althingi, the parliament, established in 930 AD by the first Norse settlers.
Official Sites of IcelandNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
Iceland Prime Minister's office.
The Icelandic Parliament.
Government Offices of Iceland Iceland.is
The official gateway to Iceland.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Iceland.
Permanent Mission of Iceland to the UN
Icelands Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Iceland
Iceland in figures.
The Icelandic Meteorological Office, founded in 1920, Reykjavík.
Map of Iceland
Political Map of Iceland.
Google Earth Iceland
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland.
Google Earth Reykjavik
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland's capital city Reykjavik.
Google Earth Eyjafjallajökull
Satellite view of Eyjafjallajökull, by now Iceland's most infamous volcano.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Daily news from Iceland.
Iceland news magazine (in English)
Various Icelandic news outlets.
Icelandic news paper (in Icelandic)
National and international news (in Icelandic)
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Aldrei fór ég suður
Exceptional contemporary Icelandic Artist.
Site about Icelandic traditional costumes by the National Icelandic Costume Board.
Eyrarbakki Maritime Museum
A collection of artifacts connected with fisheries, crafts, the social and cultural life of the people during the last 100 years.
Leifur Eiríksson, Iceland's folk hero from the Viking Age, an explorer and probably the first known European to have discovered North America.
Living Art Museum
Contemporary art, Reykjavik.
The National Gallery of Iceland.
The National Museum of Iceland
Iceland's national museum offers insights of life on the island over time.
Image: Listasafn Ìslands
Business & Economy
Central Bank of Iceland, owned by the Icelandic government.
Iceland Stock Exchange
Nasdaq Iceland (ICEX).
Iceland Chamber of Commerce
Organization of corporations, fims and individuals in Icelandic business.
International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations
All about Icelandic Horses.
Iceland's airline and travel services company serving Europe and North America via their hub at Keflavík International Airport, Iceland.
Iceland's low fare airline.
Keflavík International Airport
Keflavik is Iceland's principal international airport.
The Icelandic Maritime Administration (Siglingastofnun slands)
The authority is administrating Iceland's maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Iceland - Country GuidesDiscover Iceland: The Northern Lights, Snaefellsjokull National Park, Blue Lagoon, Gullfoss and Dettifoss (waterfalls), Golden Circle (popular tourist route, kind of instant Iceland), The Great Geysir, Þingvellir (national park with dramatic rocky scenery), Jökulsárlón (glacial lake), Mývatn (scenic lake), Hallgrimskirkja (cathedral, Iceland style), Vatnajökull National Park, Eyjafjallajökull (volcano)
The Official Gateway to Iceland
The country, the people and the culture.
Iceland for Tourists.
The official tourist website of Reykjavik, Iceland's capital.
Visit East Iceland
Official travel guide to East Iceland.
Visit West Iceland
Official travel guide to West Iceland.
Official travel guide to the Westfjords.
Visit North Iceland
Official travel guide to North Iceland.
Official guide to Iceland's South.
Official guide to Reykjanes Peninsula.
Iceland's inflight magazine.
Nordic Adventure Travel
Island travel and tour guide.
Iceland on the Web
Another Iceland travel and tour guide.
Image: Dieter Schweizer
The University of Iceland.
Environment & Nature
Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Iceland's environment policy.
Nordic Volcanological Institute
Research and training in volcanology and related fields.
The Icelandic Institute of Natural History
A research and monitoring institute.
History & People of Iceland
Brief overview of Iceland's history with a timeline.
History of Iceland
Wikipedia page about Iceland's history.
Sources and additional Information on Iceland
BBC Country Profile: Iceland
The Heritage Foundation: Iceland
Human Rights Watch: Iceland
Reporters Without Borders: Iceland
The World Factbook -- Iceland
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