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Parinacota Volcano and lake Chungara, Lauca National Park, Chile
Lake Chungara and Payachata volcanic group with Parinacota Volcano to the right, situated in the extreme north of Chile in the Altiplano of Arica y Parinacota Region in the Lauca National Park.
Image: Turismo Chile
 
Flag of Chile
Flag of Chile
Location map of Chile. Where in South America is Chile?
Location map of Chile

Destination Chile, a virtual guide to the country that occupies a long coastal strip between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean in the south western part of South America. Chile is bordered by Argentina and Bolivia in east and it shares a short border with Peru in north.

The country has an area of 756,102 km², compared it is slightly smaller than Turkey or slightly smaller than twice the size of the U.S. state of Montana.

The Republic of Chile (its official name) has a population of 18 million people (official estimates 2015). Capital and largest city is Santiago (Santiago de Chile). National language is Spanish.
 

Republic of Chile


Country Profile




Background:
A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.

Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
 
 


Official Name:
República de Chile
short form: Chile
int'l long form: Republic of Chile

ISO Country Code: cl

Time:
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Thu-Sept-21  13:34

Country Calling Code: +56

Capital City: Santiago (pop. metropolitan area est. 6 million)
The legislative body operates in Valparaíso.

Other Cities: Concepcion-Talcahuano (840 000), Vina del Mar-Valparaíso (800 000), Antofagasta (245 000), Temuco (230 000).

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 18 Sept 1810 (from Spain).
Constitution: Promulgated 11 September 1980; effective 11 March 1981; amended in 1989, 1993, and 1997.

Geography:
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.
Area: 756,100 km² (291,931 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert in north; fertile central valley; volcanoes and lakes toward the south, giving way to rugged and complex coastline; Andes Mountains on the eastern border.

Climate: Arid in north, Mediterranean in the central portion, cool and damp in south.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chilean(s).
Population: 18 million (2015)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 11 537 (year)
Ethnic groups: Spanish-Native-American (mestizo), European, Native-American.
Religions: Roman Catholic 69.9%; Protestant 15%.
Languages: Spanish.
Literacy: 95.8%.

Natural resources: Copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, wine, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber.

Industries: Copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles.

Exports partners: China 26.3%, US 13.2%, Japan 8.5%, South Korea 6.5%, Brazil 4.9% (2015)

Imports partners: China 23.4%, US 18.8%, Brazil 7.8%, Argentina 4% (2015)

Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)


Chile in Figures
More Chile statistical data.



Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Chile


Gobierno de Chile
The Government of Chile.

Presidencia de la República de Chile
Office of the President of Chile.


Congreso Nacional
The National Congress of Chile is the bicameral legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.

Senado de la República de Chile
The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral Congress

Cámara de Diputados de Chile
The Chamber of Deputies of Chile is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress.


Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile.

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de Chile ante Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations.
Embassy of Chile in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Diplomatic Missions of Chile Abroad
Address list of Chile's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

Statistics
Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
The National Institute of Statistics - Chile in numbers.

Chile in Figures
Chile key statistical data.

Maps

Map of Chile
Political map of Chile.
Administrative Map of Chile
Map showing the primary administrative regions of Chile.
Google Earth Google Earth Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile.
Google Earth Google Earth Santiago de Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile's capital city.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.


Plaza de la Ciudadanía, La Moneda Palace, Santiago
Plaza de la Ciudadanía with the statue of the Arturo Alessandri, former President of Chile, at La Moneda Palace, the seat of the President of the Republic of Chile.
Image: Edrahil Nargothrond
 

Chile News


El Mercurio
National and international news. (in Spanish)
Diario Chañarcillo
La Nación
Chilean daily newspaper. (in Spanish)
La Segunda
Afternoon daily owned by El Mercurio SAP.
La Tercera
Chilean daily with national and international news. (in Spanish)
Las Últimas Noticias
One of the major Chilean dailys. (in Spanish)
 

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Arts & Culture


Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Chile's National Library (in Spanish)

Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance. (in Spanish)

www.chilearte.com
Online gallery of Chilean Art.

Pueblos del Sur
Art, craft, decoration and culture created by hands of Chilean artisans.


Pablo Neruda
Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto
The biography web site of Pablo Neruda. (in Spanish)
Pablo Neruda - Biography
A brief, hypertext-annotated biography at the Electronic Nobel Museum Project website.
Fundación Pablo Neruda
Neruda Foundation.

 

Easter Island
Easter Island monument
© visit-chile.org

Atacama Desert, Chile
Another world: Atacama Desert
© visit-chile.org
 

Business & Economy


Banco Central de Chile
Central Bank of Chile.
Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Stock exchange.

Cámara de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Chamber of Commerce.

Transportation
__Airline
LanChile Airlines

__Railroad
Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado
Chile State Railway.
 
Moon Valley
Moon Valley © visit-chile.org
Conguillío Lake, Araucanía Region of Chile
Conguillío Lake within Conguillío National Park with the Andes in background, the national park is situated in the Araucanía Region of Chile.
Image: Turismo Chile


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Chile - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Chile: the Andes, Atacama desert, volcanoes and lakes, Santiago, Valparaíso, Farellones/El Colorado, island of Chiloé, Valle del Encanto, Parque Nacional Lauca, Patagonia, Torres del Paine National Park, Easter Island, Isla de Pascua, Rapa Nui, Juan Fernández archipelago.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, mountaineering, climbing, skiing, cruising, diving, adventure tours and much more.


Chile Touristico
Tourist Information by the National Service for Tourism. (in Spanish)

Chile Travel
Official Chile Tourism and Travel site with links and information about Chilean tour operators, e.g.:

Mountaineering in Chile
Information on mountaineering and climbing the Andes mountain range.


NoevoAnden
A Chile guide by Carlos Lowry (in Spanish).

 Go Chile
Chile Travel Guide.

VisitChile.com
The site offers country information and touristic services.

Kids
Chile Para Niños
A Chile foe kids portal site (in Spanish).


Rano Raraku, Easter Islands, Chile
Rano Raraku, Easter Islands, Chile
Image: Alanbritom

Santiago
Santiago
The Municipality of Santiago.
Sewell
The former mining settlement in the Andes became an UNESCO World Heritage site.


Easter Island - Rapa Nui (3700 km (2294 mi) west of the Chilean mainland)

Easter Island Foundation and Easter Island Guidebook
Visitor's guide with information on Easter Island.

Calle Templeman, Cerro Alegre, Valparaíso
Calle Templeman, Cerro Alegre, Valparaíso
Image: Naslo.veliz

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile
World Heritage Site Rapa Nui National Park
Monumental sculptures and architecture of Polynesian origin on Easter Island (Rapa Nui).

World Heritage Site Churches of Chiloé
Unlike classical Spanish colonial architecture, the churches in the Chiloé Archipelago are made entirely in native timber with extensive use of wood shingles.

World Heritage Site Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso
19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America.
 

 

Education & Research


Universities
Universidad de Chile
University of Chile, the oldest (founded in 1842) and one of the most prestigious universities in the country, the public university is located in Santiago.
Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Official site of the University of Santiago de Chile, the former Spanish School of Arts and Crafts was founded in 1849.
Andrés Bello National University
Chilean private university created in 1988.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)
Major university and one of the six Catholic Universities in Chile.


Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Chile
Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in the Coquimbo Region of northern Chile.
Image: Turismo Chile

Astronomical Observatories in Chile
Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
CTIO is a complex of astronomical telescopes and instruments available for use for approved projects by qualified astronomers.
European Southern Observatory (ESO)
ESO an intergovernmental, European organisation for astronomical research operates the La Silla Observatory and the Paranal Observatory in Chile.

Others
Center for Mathematical Modeling CMM
A prosperous department of Mathematical Engineering at Universidad de Chile.
 
 

Environment & Nature


Natural Resources Information Center (CIREN)
Government funded research institute, focusing in natural resources inventory.
Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente (CONAMA)
Official website of the National Commission of Environment. (in Spanish)
Bosque Modelo Chiloé
Organization for biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of forests, while improving the quality of life of rural families and indigenous communities.
Pumalin Park
A guide to the Pumalin Park, and about the private environmental protection project of the Conservation Land Trust (a U.S. environmental foundation)
Protecting the Valdivian forests of Chile and Argentina
World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) conservation project for the rainforest ecoregion of Chile and Argentina.
 
Bird of prey 

History


Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance.
Biblioteca virtual del Bicentenario 1810 - 2010
200 years of Literature and History of Chile, Chile's National Library provides books and essays for download (in Spanish).
History of Chile
Wikipedia page about Chile's history (in many languages, even in Latin).
WWW-VL History Index
Comprehensive index of sites related to Chile's history.
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Chile


Amnesty International: Chile

BBC Country Profile: Chile

FAO: Chile

GlobalEDGE: Chile

The Heritage Foundation: Chile

Human Rights Watch: Chile

OEC: Chile

Report ers Without Borders: Chile

Chile - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Chile.

Wikipedia: Chile

The World Factbook -- Chile
 
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Other Countries in South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Major Cities in South America:
Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo,
Porto Alegre, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre


Countries in Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
 
 
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